The often turbulent years of the middle of the 19th
century in strife-torn Europe was the time when many of Peter Byrnes'
ancestors made their way to the other side of the world.
They were soldiers, labourers, farmers and would-be farmers to whom
the perception of wide-open lands, or possibly gold to be found, was
They came from many parts of Europe
Ireland, Germany and what today is Croatia.
One, Samuel Archer, who came from a line of soldiers, was born in France
in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars,and brought his family to
Australia after years in Mauritius, while others first settled in New
Zealand before sailing west back across the Tasman.
Although all branches of the Byrnes family were
here by the 1880s, none came courtesy of the English convict system.
The first to arrive, Felice Pobar, landed in Australia in the early
1850s, at the time of the Victorian goldrush, well after the end of
transportation to eastern Australia.
However, at least three Byrnes ancestors, Francis Burns and Mary
Wilson from Ireland, and William Sexton from Suffolk, had earlier gone
to New Zealand via Hobart on convict ships - two as soldiers guarding
the convicts, the other as the wife of a soldier on board the same ship.
Once here, they became gold-diggers, shepherds and
farm labourers, before establishing themselves in southeast Queensland
as farmers and butchers (or both, as in the case of Christian Retschlag,
William Dance and Felice Pobar).
Succeeding generations left the land to go into the printing trade and
Several had large families, a consequence of which makes it almost
impossible to trace all of today's descendants of the original settlers
(although Neville Eveans has attempted this Herculean task on the
Retschlag branch of the family).
There is a very large question mark over whether
or not we are really Byrnes descendants; it appears that although the
original Byrnes to come to Australia was the soldier Francis Burns, the child who grew up bearing his name (although
with a change of spelling) was registered at birth in New Zealand under the name
Sexton, his mother's husband at the time.
Short of DNA testing, the question of the boy's paternity will never
be answered and perhaps we should simply regard it as adding a touch
of mystery to the family story.